Bioengineered materials are designed for use in nearly every area of life, from manufacturing and construction to computing and medicine. The design of organic materials is known as Soft-tech.

Moore’s Law reached the summit of its exponential climb in 2099, prompting huge investment in the development of organic computing systems. Soft-tech offers incredible advantages over traditional “hard” technologies. For example, DNA-based computers run most critical infrastructure systems in the arcologies and can be easily adapted and upgraded as the city’s requirements change. Organic computers have also shown an incredible aptitude for learning and creative thought, two aspects which have contributed substantially to the development of AI in 2280. The extreme flexibility and power of organic computer systems has resulted in the near-complete elimination of traditional silicon-based computers, except in situations that require highly durable or simply proven systems.

Other bioengineered substances are in use around the world in countless applications. Bioengineered structures are easily repaired, upgraded, and reproduced. The Cuidad-5 arcology stands as the most impressive example of soft-tech in construction.

Soft-tech is even used to enhance the Human body (3.8.3).